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In accordance with state law 694.10 passed by the legislature in 1990, all public four year institutions, such as Western, must keep records demonstrating immunity to certain diseases as outlined below.
A. Purpose of Immunization Law
The purpose of immunization requirements for public and private colleges and universities is to prevent the introduction and spread of vaccine-preventable diseases among students and the secondary spread of such diseases into the surrounding community. This part specifies the circumstances under which proof of immunization shall be required for enrollment in a public or private college or university.
B. Proof of Immunity
Beginning with the student's first term of enrollment at a post-secondary educational institution, they shall present to the designated record-keeping office (Beu Health Center) proof of immunity evidencing the following immunizations:
1. Tetanus and Diphtheria
Students not considered international students are required to provide proof of at least one dose of tetanus and diphtheria (Td) vaccine having been received within 10 years of the term of current enrollment. International students are required to provide dates of any combination of three or more doses of diphtheria, tetanus, and pertussis (DTP), or tetanus and diphtheria (Td) vaccine, tetanus, or diphtheria acellular pertussis (Tdap) with the most recent dose having been received within 10 years of the term of current enrollment.
Receipt of tetanus toxoid (T.T.) vaccine is not acceptable in fulfilling this requirement.
- Students must provide documentation of receipt of two doses of live measles virus vaccine on or after the first birthday. The minimum time interval between each dose must have been at least 30 days. If either dose was received prior to 1968, proof must be provided that a live virus vaccine, without gamma globulin, was administered.
- Students who cannot provide proof of immunization may provide laboratory (serologic) evidence of measles immunity; or a physician's signed confirmation of disease history and date of conclusive diagnosis.
- Immunization of rubella vaccine on or after the first birthday; or
- Laboratory (serologic) evidence;
- History of disease is not acceptable as proof of immunity.
- Immunization with live mumps vaccine on or after the first birthday; or
- A physician's signed confirmation of disease history and date of conclusive diagnosis.
- Laboratory (serologic) evidence of mumps is only acceptable if the diagnostic test utilized to assess immunity is one with demonstrable reliability, including neutralization, enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA or EIA), or radical hemolysis antibody test. A four-fold rise in mumps antibody titer between appropriately spaced acute and convalescent sera is also acceptable as proof of immunity.
5. International students are also required to have a TB blood test.
C. Future registration
A student who enrolls at a post-secondary educational institution without providing proof of immunity shall be precluded from enrolling at that institution in a subsequent term unless the student provides proof of immunity acceptable to the designated record keeping office or is granted a medical or religious exemption by the institution. Students shall provide proof of immunity each time they enroll or transfer to another post-secondary educational institution.
D. Valid exemptions
1. Those students attending a post-secondary educational institution prior to the Fall 1989 term, who have had at least one dose of live measles virus vaccine at one year of age or older, may be considered protected and in compliance. If a student transfers to another post-secondary educational institution beginning with the Fall 1989 term, documentation of two doses of live measles virus vaccine and current TD shall be required.
2. Medical exemption
- A student may be exempted from one or more of the specific immunization requirements specified in this part upon acceptance by the designated record keeping office of a written statement by a physician indicating the nature and probable duration of the medical condition or circumstances that contraindicates such immunization(s), identifying the specific vaccine(s) which could be detrimental to the student's health.
- Female students may be granted temporary exemption from immunization against measles, mumps, and rubella if pregnancy or suspected pregnancy is certified by a written physician's statement for each semester.
- If a student's medical condition or circumstances later permit immunization, the exemption(s) granted shall thereupon terminate and the student shall be required to obtain the immunization(s) from which the student has been exempted.
- Any patient being granted a medical exemption will be notified of disease outbreaks, and required to leave campus until the danger is passed, or be vaccinated.
3. Religious exemption
A student may be exempted from the immunization requirements specified in this part upon acceptance by the designated record keeping office of a written statement by the student (or the student's parent or guardian, if the student is a minor) detailing the student's objection to immunization on religious grounds. The religious objection must set forth the specific religious belief that conflicts with the immunization.
- A form will be provided by the record keeping office outlining what is acceptable to be granted a religious exemption at Western.
- Any student being granted a religious exemption will be notified of disease outbreaks and required to leave campus until the danger is passed.
- General philosophical or moral reluctance to allow immunizations will not provide a sufficient basis for an exemption to statutory requirements.
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