2014-2015 Undergraduate Catalog

Agriculture

Director: Dr. Andrew J. Baker
Office: Knoblauch Hall 145
Telephone: (309) 298-1080; Fax: (309) 298-2280
AJ-Baker@wiu.edu
Website: wiu.edu/ag

Faculty: Bacon, Bailey, Baker, Bernards, Blome, Cunningham, Franken, Geiman, Gill, Gruver, Hoge, Loehrlein, Phippen, Terry.

Students majoring in Agriculture are provided with a broad education including the physical, biological, and social sciences as well as technical agriculture. Graduates generally enter four diverse areas: (1) business and industry, (2) agricultural production, (3) research, teaching, and graduate studies, and (4) government work.

Learning how to feed the world is the central theme of the three major program options and the pre-professional programs that Agriculture students may choose to study. Students may choose to study Agricultural Business, Agricultural Education, or Agricultural Science. Agricultural minors are available in Agriculture, Agricultural Economics, Agricultural Technology Management, Agronomy, Animal Science, Horticulture, International Agriculture, Natural Resources Conservation, Plant Breeding, and Urban Forestry. Preprofessional programs in Forestry and Veterinary Medicine are also available. The preprofessional programs are designed to prepare students for professional study at other universities at the graduate level.

Career opportunities are available in the following occupational clusters:

  • Agricultural Business
  • Agricultural Education
  • Agricultural Finance/Management
  • Agricultural Marketing
  • Agricultural Technology Management
  • Agronomy
  • Animal Science
  • Farm Operations
  • Horticulture/Landscape Management
  • Natural Resource Conservation
  • Urban Forestry

GradTrac is available to Agricultural Business and Agricultural Science majors. See more information about GradTrac.

Honors Curriculum—Academically qualified students in this School are encouraged to complete an honors curriculum in University Honors, Upper Division Honors, or Lower Division Honors. All Honors students must complete the one-hour honors colloquium (G H 299). Lower Division Honors includes General Honors coursework. Upper Division Honors includes honors work in the major. University Honors combines Upper and Lower Division Honors. For more information about honors curricula see the Centennial Honors College page of the catalog or visit the Centennial Honors College website at wiu.edu/Honors.

Degree Programs

Bachelor of Science—Agriculture

All students seeking the Bachelor of Science in Agriculture must complete I, II, and III.A, III.B, or III.C below, and the foreign language/global issues requirement for the major#. Students majoring in Agriculture may choose one of three options—Agricultural Business, Agricultural Science, or Agriculture—Teacher Education. Within each option, a student may choose an area of technical competency or specialization. The minimum semester hour requirement for the baccalaureate degree is 120 s.h. A maximum of 6 s.h. of unstructured classes (AGRI 200, 301, 400, 481, 499) may be counted in the major. A minimum of 24 s.h. of Agriculture classes must be taken at WIU or other four-year institutions. A maximum of 29 s.h. may be taken in coursework which would be considered part of a major or minor in traditional business disciplines (Accountancy, Business Law, Business and Technology, Decision Sciences, Finance, Human Resource Management, Management, Marketing, Operations Management, and Supply Chain Management).

In accordance with the Illinois State Board of Education licensure rules, all candidates seeking teacher licensure are required by Western Illinois University to obtain a grade of “C” or better in all directed General Education courses, all core courses, and all courses in the option. Note C- is below a C.

  1. University General Education Curriculum Requirements: 43 s.h.
  2. Core Courses: 11 s.h.
    AGRI 120, 220, 320, 340†, 420
  3. Options of Study (select A, B, or C)
    1. Agricultural Business
      1. Special Courses: AGEC 333, 342, and 349: 10 s.h.
      2. Agriculture Electives
        1. Select one course from three of the following five groups: 9 s.h.
          1. AGTM 250
          2. (GRN 176 or HORT 180
          3. AGRN 278
          4. ANSC 112 or ANSC 310
          5. FOR 200 or FOR 208
        2. Additional courses from the School of Agriculture to be selected in consultation with the student’s academic advisor: 20 s.h.
      3. Other Requirements**
        1. ACCT 201, 202: 6 s.h.
        2. AGEC 443, FIN 301 or FIN 311: 3 s.h.
        3. COMM 130: 3 s.h.
        4. ECON 231 and 232: 6 s.h.
        5. MATH 123 or higher level: 3 s.h.
        6. MATH 137 or STAT 171: 3 s.h.
        7. PHIL 120 or 140: 3 s.h.
        8. PSY 100 or SOC 100: 3 s.h.
        9. Select one course from the following: 4 s.h.
          • BOT 200 or ZOOL 200
          • CHEM 101 or 201
          • GEOL 110
          • PHYS 114, 115, or 211
      4. Open Electives: 18 s.h.
    2. Agricultural Science
      1. Agriculture Electives
        1. Select one course from four of the following six groups: 12–13 s.h.
          1. AGTM 250
          2. AGRN 176 or HORT 180
          3. AGRN 278
          4. ANSC 112 or ANSC 310
          5. AGEC 333 or AGEC 349
          6. FOR 200 or FOR 208
        2. Additional courses from the School of Agriculture to be selected in consultation with the student’s academic advisor: 25–26 s.h.
          Note: must have 49 s.h. in major.
      2. Other Requirements*
        1. CS 101: 3 s.h.
        2. MATH 102, 123 or higher level or STAT 171: 3 s.h.
        3. Select three courses from the following group (must include one course in Biology and one in Chemistry): 12 s.h.
          • BOT 200 or ZOOL 200
          • CHEM 101, 102, 201, or 202
          • GEOL 110
          • PHYS 114, 115, or 211
      3. Open Electives: 20 s.h.
    3. Agriculture—Teacher Education
      The minimum semester hour requirement for the baccalaureate degree is 120 s.h. Teacher Education will require additional hours beyond the 120 s.h. minimum.
      1. Special Courses: AGED 131, 330, and 331: 7 s.h.
      2. Agriculture Electives
        1. Select one course from three of the four groups: 9 s.h.
          1. AGTM 250
          2. AGRN 176 or HORT 180
          3. AGRN 278
          4. ANSC 112 or ANSC 310
        2. AGEC 333 or 349; AGTM 360 or 368; AGRN 373, 377, or 378; ANSC 310, 319, or 322: 13–16 s.h.
        3. Additional courses from the School of Agriculture to be selected in consultation with the student’s academic advisor: 5–8 s.h.
          Note: must have 48 s.h. in major.
      3. Other Requirements***
        1. BOT 200 or ZOOL 200: 4 s.h.
        2. CHEM 101 or 201: 4 s.h.
        3. HIST 105 or 106: 3 s.h.
        4. MATH 102, 123 or higher level or STAT 171: 3 s.h.
        5. POLS 122: 3 s.h.
        6. Select one additional course from the following: 4 s.h.
          • BOT 200 or ZOOL 200
          • CHEM 102 or 202
          • GEOG 120 or 121
          • PHYS 114, 115, or 211
      4. Professional Education
        1. EDUC 439: 3 s.h.
        2. EIS 202, 301, 305, 401: 10 s.h.
        3. SPED 210 and 390: 4 s.h.
        4. ENG 366 or RDG 387: 2 s.h.
        5. STCH 480: 12 s.h.

#The foreign language/global issues graduation requirement may be fulfilled by successfully completing one of the following: 1) an intermediate foreign language requirement; 2) a General Education global issues course; 3) any major’s discipline-specific global issues course; or 4) an approved Study Abroad program.

†AGRI 340 fulfills the Writing Instruction in the Disciplines (WID) graduation requirement.

*10 s.h. may count toward the University General Education requirement.

**25 s.h. may count toward the University General Education requirement.

***16 s.h. may count toward the University General Education requirement.

Minors

Minor in Agriculture: 18 s.h.
  1. Select 9 s.h. from the following: AGED 131; AGRI 120; AGRN 176, 278; ANSC 112; AGTM 250; FOR 200; HORT 180: 9 s.h.
  2. Select additional hours from the School of Agriculture**: 9 s.h.
    **6 s.h. must be upper division at WIU.
Minor in Agricultural Economics: 16 s.h.

Electives chosen from:

  • Courses in Agricultural Economics (AGEC prefix)*
  • AGRI 220
  • AGRI 390

*At least 6 s.h. of upper-division coursework in Agricultural Economics (AGEC) and/or AGRI 390 must be completed at WIU.

Minor in Agricultural Technology Management: 16 s.h.
  • Electives in Agricultural Technology Management.*

*At least 6 s.h. of upper-division coursework in Agricultural Technology Management (AGTM) required at WIU.

Minor in Agronomy: 16 s.h.
  • Electives in Agronomy and Conservation.*

*At least 6 s.h. of upper-division coursework in Agronomy (AGRN) required at WIU.

Minor in Animal Science: 18–20 s.h.
  1. ANSC 112: 3 s.h.
  2. Electives in Animal Science: 9 s.h.
  3. Select one of the following courses:
    ANSC 322, 314, 424: 3–4 s.h.
  4. Select one of the following courses:
    AGRI 376; CHEM 100, 101, 201: 3–4 s.h.
Minor in Horticulture: 18 s.h.

See Interdisciplinary Studies Minors.

Minor in International Agriculture: 18–19 s.h.
  1. AGRI 220, INAG 310, and INAG 361 or INAG 362 or BAT 300: 9 s.h.
  2. At least 6 s.h. of upper-division coursework from the following fields: AGEC, AGTM, AGRN, ANSC, CONS, FOR, or HORT: 6 s.h.
  3. Other: 3–4 s.h.
    Select one additional course from: Foreign Language; GEOG 100, 110; HIST 144; MKTG 317; POLS 228, 267

Note: This minor is designed for those interested in international agribusiness and international agricultural development.

Minor in Natural Resources Conservation: 16 s.h.
  1. AGRN 278: 3 s.h.
  2. One of the following: CONS 405 or GEOG 426: 3–4 s.h.
  3. Remaining electives to be selected by the student and minor advisor: 9–10 s.h.
    Select three of the following courses: AGTM 461; BOT 452; CONS 305; FOR 200, 208, 406, 407; GEOL 110; HORT 485; MICR 200; RPTA 376, 487, 488, 489, ZOOL 451
Minor in Plant Breeding: 18–22 s.h.
  1. AGRN 176 or HORT 180 or BOT 200: 3–4 s.h.
  2. AGRI 376 or BIOL 340: 3–4 s.h.
  3. AGRN 472 and 476: 6 s.h.
  4. Select two courses from the following: AGRN 373, 374, 378, 470; BIOL 330; BOT 320, 329, 430, 481; CHEM 421; HORT 480; STAT 171: 6–8 s.h.
Minor in Urban Forestry: 18 s.h.
  1. Required Courses: 11 s.h.
    FOR 208, 406, 407
  2. Electives: 7 s.h.
    Select 7 s.h. from any of the following courses: AGRI 301 (4 s.h. maximum); AGRN 278, 373; CONS 405; FOR 200, 209, 409; HORT 485; RPTA 487, 488, 489
Pre-Professional Programs

Pre-professional programs in Forestry and Veterinary Medicine are available. See Pre-Professional Programs for a detailed description of the requirements.

Course Descriptions

AGRICULTURE (AGRI)

120 Agriculture in Today’s Society. (3) General orientation to agricultural issues; study of career opportunities in industry, business, production agriculture, teaching, resource management, and environment control. 3 hrs. lect.

200 Special Topics in Agriculture. (1–3, repeatable for different topics to 3) Selection of a current issue in agriculture. Review of literature, discussions, and preparation of a term paper. Prerequisite: approval of department chairperson. Arranged.

220 Introduction to Agribusiness Concepts. (3) A survey of and introduction to agricultural management concepts and general knowledge base needed to operate a small profit-oriented agribusiness in today’s competitive environment. Not available to students that have completed AGEC 230. 3 hrs. lect. IAI: AG 901.

301 Agricultural Internship. (4–12, repeatable to 12) Student will work with an approved agricultural industry and obtain experience in a number of business-related activities such as management, sales, research, and public relations. Prerequisites: 54 s.h. of academic credit and approval of instructor. A cumulative and major GPA of 2.25 required at time of application (semester prior to internship). Arranged.

320 Success Strategies in Agriculture. (2) Topics in applied life sciences—strategies for success. Topics will include problem solving, communication, interpersonal relations, resume preparation, and interviewing. Student participation will be emphasized. Prerequisite: AGRI 220 and junior standing. 2 hrs. lect.

340 Communicating Agricultural Issues. (2) Development of written and oral communication skills to address current issues in agriculture. Writing Instruction in the Disciplines (WID) course. Prerequisites: AGRI 220 and ENG 280.

376 Applied Genetics in Agriculture. (3) A basic understanding of heredity and genetic analysis with an emphasis on agricultural plant and animal systems. Social implications of manipulating genetics in agriculture will be addressed. Prerequisites: AGRN 176 or HORT 180 or BOT 200 or ZOOL 200. 2 hrs. lect.; 2 hrs. lab.

390 Agricultural Sales. (3) Professional agri-selling and sales process. Topics include methods of selling, steps and techniques in the selling process, customer service, sales ethics, consumer behavior concepts, and sales management in agriculture. Prerequisites: AGRI 220 or ECON 232, and AGEC 333 or MKTG 327.

400 Special Topics in Agriculture. (1–3, repeatable for different topics to 3) Review of literature, lectures, and preparation of a term paper. Prerequisite: approval of department chairperson. Arranged.

420 Personal Development and Leadership in Agriculture. (1) Personal leadership skills will be developed as students explore historical and current views of social, cultural, and technological issues and the associated social changes in agriculture. Styles and roles of leadership in agricultural organizations including group dynamics, conflict resolution, ethical considerations, and communications will be covered. Prerequisite: AGRI 340. 1 hr. lect.

481 Special Problems. (1–3, repeatable for different topics to 3) Laboratory work involving experiments in student’s major interest. Prerequisites: at least junior standing and approval of department chairperson. Arranged.

499 Research. (1–6, repeatable for different topics to 8) Original independent research on specific problems in agriculture. Prerequisite: approval of department chairperson.

AGRICULTURAL ECONOMICS (AGEC)

333 Agricultural Marketing. (3) Principles of marketing agricultural products. Prerequisite: AGRI 220 or ECON 232. 3 hrs. lect.

336 Rural Appraisal. (4) A study of the appraisal process and practical applications. Provides understanding of rural real estate as an investment and its relationship to production agriculture. Prerequisites: AGRI 220, or ECON 231 and 232. 4 hrs. lect.

337 US Agricultural Trade. (3) Overview of U.S. agricultural trade; examination of issues that impact international agricultural trade, including trade agreements, country-of-origin labeling, food safety, and risk assessments; examination of changes in world agricultural production and trade patterns over time. Prerequisites: AGRI 220 or ECON 231.

342 Agricultural Law. (3) Law as it applies to the agricultural operation. Partnership, corporation, agribusiness contracts, leases, leasing practices, environmental, tort and liability law are covered. Prerequisite: AGRI 220. 3 hrs. lect.

349 Agribusiness Management. (4) A study of intermediate level agricultural management tools to create a conceptual framework for successfully operating a profit-based agribusiness. Prerequisite: AGRI 220; or ECON 231 and 232. 4 hrs. lect.

430 (Cross-listed with ECON 430) Environmental Economics. (3) This interdisciplinary course examines economic issues involving the interactions between humans and the environment. The course addresses conflicts in land, air, and water use and the role of assigned property rights and public policies in resolving environmental problems. Not open to students with credit in ECON 430. Prerequisite: AGRI 220 or ECON 232.

442 Marketing Grain and Livestock Products. (3) Economic principles of marketing grain and livestock, with an emphasis on the marketing activities of producers and distributors of grain, livestock, and their products. Risk and quality management issues are included. Prerequisite: AGEC 333. 3 hrs. lect.

443 Agricultural Finance. (3) Financing problems and opportunities in agriculture. Sources of finance, financing costs, analysis of investment opportunities, and financial management and estate planning. Prerequisite: AGRI 220 or ECON 232. 3 hrs. lect.

447 Commodities Markets and Futures Trading. (3) Futures trading institutions, technical analysis, multiple hedging, and speculation. Prerequisite: AGEC 333 or ECON 330 or ECON 332 or FIN 311 or FIN 331. 3 hrs. lect.

455 Advanced Agricultural Marketing. (3) Options on futures, applied research methods, current events. Not available to students who have completed AGEC 456. Prerequisite: AGEC 447. 3 hrs. lect.

457 Market Profile®. (3) Use of the Chicago Board of Trade Market Profile® and Liquidity Data Bank® for hedging and speculation. Not available to students who have completed AGEC 459. Prerequisite: AGEC 447. 3 hrs. lect.

458 Advanced Market Profile®. (3) Fundamentals of nonagricultural markets; simulated real-time trading of futures. Prerequisite: AGEC 457. 5 hrs. lect./lab.

460 US Agricultural Policy. (3) Examination of U.S. agricultural policies, with an emphasis on current farm legislation and regulation. Includes analysis of the impact of contemporary agricultural policies on farming operations. Prerequisite: AGRI 220 or ECON 231 or ECON 232.

AGRICULTURAL TECHNOLOGY MANAGEMENT (AGTM)

250 Introduction to Agricultural Technology Management. (3) Introduction to electrification, surveying, internal combustion engines, metallurgy, and concrete and wood construction used in agriculture. 2 hrs. lect.; 2 hrs. lab. IAI: AG 906.

350 Agricultural Machinery. (4) Principles of owning, operating, and adjusting equipment for tillage, planting, harvesting, and chemical application. Principles, application, and repair of agricultural hydraulic systems. Prerequisite: AGTM 250 or consent of instructor. 3 hrs. lect.; 2 hrs. lab.

360 Electrical Power and Equipment in Agriculture. (4) Principles of electricity and its application to wiring buildings, electric motors, automatic controls, and solidstate equipment used in agriculture. Prerequisite: AGTM 250 or consent of instructor. 3 hrs. lect.; 2 hrs. lab.

365 Agricultural Tractors and Engines. (4) Operating principles of gasoline and diesel engines, power trains, and fuel and electrical systems. Overhaul of both gasoline and diesel engines. Prerequisite: AGTM 250 or consent of instructor. 3 hrs. lect.; 2 hrs. lab.

368 Agricultural Shop Skills. (4) Principles and skills in metal and welding fabrication, wood working, plumbing, and repairs related to agriculture. Prerequisite: AGTM 250. 2 hrs. lect.; 4 hrs. lab.

458 Agricultural Construction and Confined Animal Environments. (4) Addresses principles, design, and construction of wood, metal, and concrete structures in agriculture. Study of livestock manure and water systems, and environmental control of confined livestock facilities. Prerequisite: AGTM 250 or consent of instructor. 4 hrs. lect.

461 Surveying and Soil and Water Conservation Engineering. (4) Development of surveying skills using a self level, transit, total station, GPS receiver, and related software. Study of principles of water and wind erosion. Design of grass waterways, terraces, and other erosion control structures. Not open to students with credit in CSTM 236. Prerequisite: AGTM 250 or consent of instructor. 3 hrs. lect.; 2 hrs. lab.

464 Grain Drying, Handling, and Storage Systems. (3) Application of engineering principles pertaining to drying, storing, and handling of agricultural products. Prerequisite: AGTM 250 or consent of instructor. 3 hrs. lect.

AGRICULTURAL EDUCATION (AGED)

131 Introduction to Agriculture Education. (2) Introduction to principles of vocational education, nature of agriculture teaching, teacher responsibilities, and agricultural education as a career. 2 hrs. lect. IAI: AG 911.

330 Summer Experience in Agriculture Education. (2) Supervised experiences in a summer program in agriculture education. C grade or above required to receive credit for the course to fulfill part of the observation hour requirement. Prerequisite: consent of instructor.

331 Program Organization in Agriculture Education. (3) Program organization and development of learning activities in agriculture education including program planning, supervised agriculture experiences, FFA, federal, state and local program structure. 3 hrs. lect.

439 Special Methods in Agriculture. (3) Analysis of objectives, selection, development, and organization of teaching units; development of procedural techniques, program implementation, and evaluation. Includes clinical experience. Grade of C required in this class. Prerequisite: consent of instructor. 3 hrs. lect.

480 Student Teaching. (12) See STCH 480. 12 weeks.

AGRONOMY (AGRN)
(Crops)

176 Principles of Crop Science. (3) Introduction to science-based principles underlying crop production, including: classification and use of major world crops; plant growth and development in response to environment and management; crop pests and pest protection; plant breeding and genetic improvement. 2 hrs. lect.; 2 hrs. lab. IAI: AG 903.

373 Integrated Pest Management. (4) Identification and biology of economically-important weeds, insects, diseases, and vertebrate pests affecting plants. Selection and use of effective biological, cultural, chemical, and mechanical pest control methods. Safe handling and application of pesticides. Prerequisite: AGRN 176. 3 hrs. lect.; 2 hrs. lab.

374 Diseases of Economic Plants. (3) Identification of agricultural plant diseases; biology of common plant pathogens; pathogen-plant interactions; fungicide classification and use; management of plant diseases through chemical, cultural, biological, and mechanical control methods. Prerequisite: AGRN 373. 2 hrs. lect.; 2 hrs. lab.

377 Field Crops of the Midwest. (4) Grain and forage crop characteristics, production, and utilization in the Midwest; roughages for livestock; pasture improvement and management; identification of crop plants, seeds, and pests. Prerequisite: AGRN 176. 4 hrs. lect.

470 Applied Entomology. (3) Life cycles, recognition of economic damage, and integrated control of insects affecting crop and livestock production. Prerequisite: AGRN 176. 2 hrs. lect.; 2 hrs. lab.

472 Principles of Plant Breeding. (3) Traditional plant breeding course covering basic inheritance of qualitative and quantitative traits, tools for dealing with variations in ploidy levels and mutations, germplasm resources, breeding methods for self and cross pollinated species, hybrid production, vegetatively propagated crops, and seed production. Prerequisite: AGRI 376 or BIOL 340. 2 hrs. lect.; 2 hrs. lab.

476 Crop Biotechnology. (3) Biotechnology methods used for the genetic improvement and production of agronomic and ornamental crops. Government regulations, public concerns, and legal protection of genetically modified crops will be covered. Prerequisite: AGRI 376 or BIOL 340. 2 hrs. lect.; 2 hrs. lab.

479 Weed Science. (3) Identification, biology, and distribution of weeds; weed interference of desirable plant growth; herbicide classification, use, and environmental fate; appropriate application of chemical, cultural, biological, and mechanical weed control methods. Prerequisite: AGRN 373. 2 hrs. lect.; 2 hrs. lab.

(Soils)

278 Fundamentals of Soil Science. (3) Introduction to principles of soil science. Fundamentals of physical, chemical, biological, and agricultural properties of soils. 2 hrs. lect.; 2 hrs. lab. IAI: AG 904.

370 Soil Management. (3) Application of soil physical and chemical management concepts to crop production with emphasis on precision agriculture using global positioning and remote sensing to maximize economic yield while protecting the environment. Prerequisite: AGRN 278. 3 hrs. lect.

378 Soil Fertility and Plant Nutrition. (3) Fundamental chemicals needed for plant growth. Chemical forms of elements in the soil, reactions of fertilizers in soils, determination of fertilizer needs, soil test methods. Prerequisite: AGRN 278. 3 hrs. lect.

473 Nutrient Management. (3) Properties of plant food materials used in world agriculture, manufacturing methods, marketing systems, government policy, field application, economics of management and use. Prerequisites: AGRN 278 and CHEM 101 or 201. 3 hrs. lect.

478 Properties of Soil. (3) A study of the physical and chemical properties of soil and their relationship to plant growth and land use. Prerequisite: AGRN 278. 2 hrs. lect.; 2 hrs. lab.

ANIMAL SCIENCE (ANSC)

112 Fundamentals of Animal Science. (3) Application of fundamental biological principles as related to the nutrition, reproduction, and management of livestock. 2 hrs. lect.; 2 hrs. lab. IAI: AG 902.

310 Man and Animal Interaction. (3) Interaction of man with companion, domestic, and wild animals. Consideration of wide ranging societal concerns including food production, companionship benefits, impact of wild animals in urban and rural settings, animal and human disease risks, and animal welfare and rights issues. 3 hrs. lect.

312 Techniques in Livestock Evaluation and Selection. (3) Evaluation and selection of breeding and market animals utilizing new selection tools and techniques and visual appraisal. Prerequisite: ANSC 112. 2 hrs. lect.; 2 hrs. lab.

314 Animal Breeding. (3) The principles of heredity and their application to the problems of animal improvement. Prerequisites: AGRI 376, ANSC 112, BOT 200 or ZOOL 200, and MATH 102 or 123 or STAT 171. 3 hrs. lect.

319 Applied Meat Science. (4) Evaluation, grading, and marketing of meat animals and meat products including swine, beef, lamb, and poultry. Factors affecting meat palatability. Qualifies student for federal, state, and local internships. Prerequisite: at least junior standing. 3 hrs. lect.; 2 hrs. lab.

322 Applied Livestock Nutrition and Feeding. (4) Composition of feed/nutrients and their functions, formulating/balancing of rations, and the basic chemical and physiological principles of ruminant and nonruminant nutrition. Consideration of common nutrition problems, feed additives, and growth stimulants. Prerequisites: ANSC 112 and CHEM 100 or higher. 3 hrs. lect.; 2 hrs. lab.

323 Livestock Management. (3) A study of management practices necessary for efficient and economical livestock production. Not open to students specializing in Animal Science. Prerequisite: ANSC 112. 3 hrs. lect.

335 Livestock Merchandising. (3) Methods of livestock promotion and merchandising. Preparation of livestock for sale. Scheduling and management of livestock sales. Prerequisites: ANSC 112 and junior standing. 2 hrs. lect.; 2 hrs. lab.

413 Livestock Judging. (3) Evaluation, grading, selection, and pricing of market and breeding livestock. Some enrollees will compete in intercollegiate contests. Prerequisite: ANSC 312. 2 hrs. lect.; 2 hrs. lab.

415 Beef Production and Management. (4) Consideration of commercial cow-calf, purebred, stocker, and finishing beef production systems. Integration of genetics, nutrition, and reproduction. Record keeping and business aspects. Prerequisites: ANSC 314 and 322, or consent of the instructor. 3 hrs. lect.; 2 hrs. lab.

416 Swine Science. (3) A study of selection principles, nutrition, breeding, reproduction, disease prevention, and management practices applied to swine production. Prerequisites: ANSC 314 and 322, or consent of the instructor. 2 hrs. lect.; 2 hrs. lab.

419 Sheep Science. (3) Breeds, feeding, and selection as applied to management of the farm flock. Prerequisites: ANSC 314 and 322, or consent of the instructor. 2 hrs. lect.; 2 hrs. lab.

424 Physiology of Reproduction and Lactation. (3) Principles of physiology and functioning of the endocrine system in relationship to reproduction, infertility, and lactation in farm animals. Prerequisite: ANSC 112 or BOT 200 or ZOOL 200. 2 hrs. lect.; 2 hrs. lab.

CONSERVATION (CONS)

305 Sustainable Agriculture. (3) An investigation of current and historical efforts to increase agricultural sustainability through government programs, research and technological development, organic agriculture, grassroots activism, and the greening of industry. Prerequisite: AGRN 278 or permission of the instructor.

405 Soil and Water Conservation. (4) The study of the maintenance of a quality environment through the conservation of soil and water resources. 4 hrs. lect.

FORESTRY (FOR)

200 Introduction to Forestry. (3) Professional orientation and survey of forests and forestry. Introduction to basic forestry concepts and techniques. 2 hrs. lect.; 2 hrs. lab.

208 Dendrology. (4) Identification, distribution, economic importance, and elementary silviculture of the important hardwoods and conifers of the U.S. and Canada. 2 hrs. lect.; 4 hrs. lab.

209 Basic Tree Worker Skills. (2) Provide practical experience for forestry students in the proper and safe use of arboriculture-related equipment and climbing techniques associated with tree care. 1 hr. lect.; 2 hrs. lab.

406 Arboriculture. (4) Detailed study of woody plants with emphasis on growth and development, planting, pruning, fertilization, maintenance, valuation, hazard assessment, pest management, diagnostics, and site vegetation management. Prerequisite: FOR 200 or 208. 2 hrs. lect.; 4 hrs. lab.

407 Urban Forest Management. (3) Management principles for urban vegetation with emphasis on plant selection and usage, tree inventories, tree ordinances, specifications manuals. Arbor Day tree programs, and tree laws. Prerequisite: FOR 200 or 208. 2 hrs. lect.; 2 hrs. lab.

409 Arboricultural Supervision Practicum. (2) Practical supervisory experience relating to arboricultural profession. Prerequisites: FOR 209 and consent of instructor. 1 hr. lect.; 2 hrs. lab.

HORTICULTURE (HORT)

180 Introductory Horticulture. (3) Importance of horticulture in providing food and plant ornamentation, plant structure, growth and development; environmental and biological factors influencing plant growth. 2 hrs. lect.; 2 hrs. lab. IAI: AG 905.

380 Landscape Plants I. (3) Identification, adaptability, and evaluation of ornamental deciduous and evergreen trees and shrubs used in landscape plantings. 2 hrs. lect.; 2 hrs. lab.

381 Landscape Plants II. (3) Identification, adaptability, and evaluation of herbaceous perennials, ornamental grasses, vines, and ground cover plants used in landscape planting. 2 hrs. lect.; 2 hrs. lab.

382 Landscape Plants III. (3) Identification, morphology, cultural requirements, and design use of annual bedding plants used in landscape settings. Prerequisite: junior standing. 2 hrs. lect.; 2 hrs. lab.

384 Landscape Management. (3) Principles of landscape management including maintenance issues, pest control, pruning herbaceous and woody plants, use of water features and ponds, hardscaping materials, and installation of small hardscape projects such as short retaining walls and patios. Prerequisite: HORT 180.

385 Landscape Design. (3) Principles of landscape design and graphic presentation of designs. Study of drawing and design skills, drawing tools, plan view, elevation view, drawing to scale, site analysis, and plant usage in the landscape. Prerequisite: HORT 380 or 381. 2 hrs. lect.; 2 hrs. lab.

389 Home Horticulture. (3) Principles of plant growth and maintenance as related to the selection and care of landscape plants, lawns, tree fruits, small fruits, flowers, vegetables, and house plants.

393 Greenhouse and Nursery Management. (3) Principles and practices of ornamental crop production of floricultural, interior, and wood ornamental plants; greenhouse and nursery techniques and facilities; soil and soilless media, plant growth regulators, pests and diseases and their control, irrigation and fertilization. Prerequisite: HORT 180. 2 hrs. lect.; 2 hrs. lab.

484 Sustainable Landscape Practices. (3) This course studies landscape practices that address environmental concerns, including water issues, pesticide contamination, fertilizer use, carbon dioxide emissions from landscape equipment, impacts on wildlife habitat, and other related issues. Solutions and better methods for problematic practices will be explored. Prerequisite: HORT 180 or AGRN 176 or FOR 200 or BOT 200 or ENVR 201, or consent of instructor.

485 Turf Management. (3) Establishment and maintenance of turf grass for lawns, golf courses, and recreational areas, including athletic fields. Prerequisite: AGRN 176 or HORT 180. 2 hrs. lect.; 2 hrs. lab.

493 Practicum in Horticultural Science. (1) Practical experience, preferably in an on-the-job situation, in some aspect of horticulture. Prerequisites: HORT 180, and HORT 380 or FOR 208.

INTERNATIONAL AGRICULTURE (INAG)

310 International Agriculture in Developing Countries. (3) (General Education/Multicultural Studies) (Global Issues) A study of international agriculture development. Special emphasis given to world hunger and world food needs, use of limited natural resources, population growth, trade policies, and appropriate technology used in developing countries. 3 hrs. lect.

361 International Agriculture Travel Study in the Western Hemisphere. (3, repeatable to 6 with different location) (Global Issues) The study of the history and culture of a region, integrated with agricultural production, processing, development, and trade through classroom instruction and international travel. A maximum of six credits of INAG 361 and INAG 362 can be used toward departmental electives. Prerequisite: junior standing or consent of instructor. Arranged.

362 International Agriculture Travel Study in the Eastern Hemisphere. (3, repeatable to 6 with different location) (Global Issues) The study of the history and culture of a region, integrated with agricultural production, processing, development, and trade through classroom instruction and international travel. A maximum of six credits of INAG 361 and INAG 362 can be used toward departmental electives. Prerequisite: junior standing or consent of instructor. Arranged.