2012-2013 Undergraduate Catalog

Chemistry

Chairperson: Dr. Rose McConnell
Office: Currens Hall 214
Telephone: (309) 298-1538; Fax: (309) 298-2180
E-mail: Chemistry1@wiu.edu
Website: wiu.edu/chemistry

Faculty: Ahmad, Bahr, Bellott, Guan, Huang, Jin, Kouassi, J. McConnell, R. McConnell, Terry, Vinod, Wen, Zhang.

Emeritus Faculty: Bath, Klopfenstein, Venugopalan.

Chemistry is the science of the composition, structure, properties, and reactions of matter, especially of atomic and molecular systems. It is the basis of the technology for the largescale production of chemicals and chemical materials that are useful to modern society. The study of chemistry helps people understand the physical world and its workings.

The Bachelor of Science in Chemistry degree program provides graduates a wide range of career opportunities. Graduates of the B.S. in Chemistry who complete either the general Chemistry, Biochemistry, or Pharmacy options find employment in industry, government agencies, and non-profit organizations. Types of work include basic research, applied research, analytical services, product development, marketing and sales, and manufacturing. Persons desiring to become practicing chemists/biochemists should select the Biochemistry option or the Biochemistry option certified by the American Chemical Society. The latter is recommended for students wishing to enter graduate school or seek employment in the chemical industry immediately upon graduation. The Pharmacy option targets those students who seek a career as a pharmacist (Pharm.D.) or pharmacologist (Ph.D.), but would also benefit students who wish to work in the pharmaceutical or biotech industries at the B.S. or M.S. level. The Pharmacy option is also useful to those students who are seeking careers in forensic pharmacology, pharmaceutical sales, or as certified pharmacy technicians, pharmacy assistants, and other healthcare professionals. The Science/Chemistry Teacher Education option is designed to prepare students to become certified to teach high school science with a specialization in chemistry.

The Bachelor of Science in Forensic Chemistry prepares graduates with a strong chemistry background and a specialization in forensic sciences which will prepare them to work in modern laboratories at the local, regional, state, and federal levels. Graduates of the forensic chemistry program will be prepared for careers in modern crime laboratories and other law enforcement agencies as well as private chemical and pharmaceutical industries.

The chemistry faculty advise students enrolled in pre-professional programs in chemical engineering and pharmacy. The department also offers minors in chemistry, forensic chemistry, and forensic science.

GradTrac is available. See more information about GradTrac.

Honors Curriculum—Academically qualified students in this department are welcome to complete an honors curriculum in University Honors, Upper Division Honors, or Lower Division Honors. All Honors students must complete the one-hour honors colloquium (G H 299). Lower Division Honors includes General Honors coursework. Upper Division Honors includes honors work in the major. University Honors combines Upper and Lower Division Honors. For more information about honors curricula see the Centennial Honors College page of the catalog or visit the Centennial Honors College website at www.wiu.edu/Honors.

Integrated Baccalaureate and Master’s Degree Program—An integrated baccalaureate and master’s degree program is available for the Bachelor of Science in Chemistry or Forensic Chemistry: Master of Science in Chemistry. An integrated degree program provides the opportunity for outstanding undergraduates to earn both degrees in five years. Please refer to the Graduate Studies catalog for details about the integrated program.

Degree Programs

Bachelor of Science—Chemistry

All students seeking the Bachelor of Science in Chemistry must complete I, II, and III.A., III.B., III.C., or III.D. below, and the foreign language/global issues requirement for the major.# The minimum semester hour requirement for the baccalaureate degree is 120 s.h.

In accordance with the Illinois State Board of Education licensure rules, all candidates seeking teacher licensure are required by Western Illinois University to obtain a grade of “C” or better in all directed general education courses, all core courses, and all courses in the option. Note C- is below a C.

  1. University General Education and College of Arts and Sciences Curriculum - Requirements (p. 82): 55 s.h.
    Except teacher education students must complete the University General Education Curriculum Requirements—43 s.h.
  2. Core Courses: 20 s.h. - CHEM 201*, 202*, 331, 332, 341
  3. Options of Study (select A, B, C or D)
    1. Chemistry
      1. Special Courses: CHEM 374, 375, 401†, 442: 17 s.h.
      2. Departmental Electives: 3 s.h.
      3. Other
        1. CS 211 and 212 or higher: 3 s.h.
        2. MATH 133*, 134*, 231: 12 s.h.
        3. PHYS 211*, 213 or 124, 125: 8–10 s.h.
      4. Any minor: 16–20 s.h.
    2. Biochemistry
      1. Special Courses: CHEM 370 or 374, 416, 421, 422†, 429: 16 s.h.
      2. Departmental Electives: 7 s.h.
      3. Other
        1. MATH 133*, 134*: 8 s.h.
        2. PHYS 211*, 213 or 124, 125: 8–10 s.h.
        3. CS 211 and 212 or higher: 3 s.h.
      4. Biology minor: 17 s.h.
      5. Open Electives: 0–2 s.h.
    3. Pharmacy
      1. Special Courses: CHEM 263, 264, 370, 416, 421, 422†, 463, 492: 23 s.h.
      2. Directed Electives
        1. CHEM 485 or 490: 3 s.h.
        2. CHEM 363 or 440: 3-4 s.h.
      3. Other
        1. MATH 133; STAT 171 or 276: 7 s.h.
        2. PHYS 124 and 125: 10 s.h.
        3. ZOOL 230 and 231: 8 s.h.
      4. Select one of the following minors: Microbiology, Neuroscience or Zoology: 17–21 s.h.
    4. Science/Chemistry-Teacher Education
      1. Special Courses
        1. CHEM 370 or 374; 401; 442; 482†: 16 s.h.
        2. BIOL 100*, 101*, 481; 11 s.h.
        3. GEOL 110*, 112*: 8 s.h.
        4. PHYS 101*, 211*, 213: 11 s.h.
      2. Departmental Electives: 3 s.h.
      3. Other
        1. EDUC 439: 3 s.h.
        2. EIS 201, 301, 302, 303 (1 s.h.), 304 (1), 401: 13 s.h.
        3. MATH 133*, 134*: 8 s.h.
        4. SPED 310 and SPED 390 or PSY 425 and SPED 390: 4 s.h.
        5. STCH 480: 12 s.h.

#The foreign language/global issues graduation requirement may be fulfilled by successfully completing one of the following: 1) an intermediate foreign language requirement; 2) a General Education global issues course; 3) any major’s discipline-specific global issues course; or 4) an approved study abroad program. *University General Education course. 10–16 s.h. may count toward Natural Sciences/ Mathematics requirement.

†CHEM 401 fulfills the Writing Instruction in the Discipline (WID) graduation requirement for the Chemistry non-teaching option. CHEM 422 fulfills the Writing Instruction in the Discipline (WID) graduation requirement for the Biochemistry option and Pharmacy option. CHEM 482 fulfills the Writing Instruction in the Discipline (WID) graduation requirement for the Science/Chemistry-Teacher Education option.

Bachelor of Science—Forensic Chemistry

Students seeking the Bachelor of Science in Forensic Chemistry must complete I, II, III, and IV below, and the foreign language/global issues requirement for the major#. The minimum semester hour requirement for the baccalaureate degree is 122 s.h.

  1. University General Education and College of Arts and Sciences Curriculum Requirements: 55 s.h.
  2. Core Courses: 20 s.h. - CHEM 201*, 202*, 331, 332, 341
  3. Specialty Courses: 29 s.h.
    1. CHEM 370 or 374 (4 s.h.)
    2. CHEM 401H or 422H (4 s.h.)
    3. CHEM 485 or 490 (3 s.h.)
    4. CHEM 416, 421, 442, 451, 452, 492 (18 s.h.)
  4. Other Requirements: 39–42 s.h.
    1. MATH 133*, MATH 134*, STAT 171* (11 s.h.)
    2. PHYS 211*, 212 or 124, 125 (8–10 s.h.)
    3. CS 211 and 212 or higher level CS course (3 s.h.)
    4. LEJA 101, and 242 or 303 (6 s.h.)
    5. BOT 200* and ZOOL 200 (8 s.h.)
    6. Choose one of the following (3–4 s.h.): ANTH 405, BIOL 330, GEOL 110*, MICR 200

#The foreign language/global issues graduation requirement may be fulfilled by successfully completing one of the following: 1) an intermediate foreign language requirement; 2) a General Education global issues course; 3) any major’s discipline-specific global issues course; or 4) an approved study abroad program. *University General Education course. 16 s.h. may count toward Natural Science/ Mathematics requirement.

†CHEM 401 or 422 fulfills the Writing Instruction in the Discipline (WID) graduation requirement.

Minors

Minor in Chemistry: 20–21 s.h.
  1. Core Courses: CHEM 201, 202, and 330 or 331: 13 s.h.
  2. Any two courses from: CHEM 332, 341, 342, 370/374, 375, 421, 463: 7–8 s.h.
Minor in Forensic Chemistry: 20–21 s.h.
  1. Core Courses: CHEM 201, 202, 330, 440: 17 s.h.
  2. Select one of the following: 3–4 s.h.
    1. CHEM 485—internship at a state laboratory with placement approval by minor adviser.
    2. ne course selected from: ANTH 405, BIOL 330, CHEM 342, CHEM 421, MICR 200, MICR 434, ZOOL 430

Note: This minor is not open to students majoring in chemistry.

Minor in Forensic Science: 19–20 s.h.
  1. Core Courses: CHEM 101, 102, 221, 440: 16 s.h.
  2. Select one of the following options: 3–4 s.h.
    1. CHEM 485—internship at a state laboratory with placement approval by minor adviser.
    2. One course selected from: ANTH 405, BIOL 330, CHEM 342, MICR 200, MICR 434, ZOOL 430

Note: This minor is not open to students majoring in chemistry.

Pre-Professional Programs

Pre-professional programs in Chemical Engineering and Pharmacy are available. See Pre- Professional Programs (p. 308) for a detailed description of the requirements.

Certification by the American Chemical Society

Western Illinois University is approved by the American Chemical Society for undergraduate professional training in Chemistry and Biochemistry. Students who are pursuing the B.S. in Chemistry may qualify for certification by completing the following coursework:

Certification in Chemistry

  1. CHEM 201, 202, 331, 332, 333, 341, 374, 375, 401, 416, 421, and 442
  2. Elect one course from CHEM 490/491/475
  3. PHYS 211 and either 212 or 213

Certification in Biochemistry

  1. CHEM 201, 202, 331, 332, 341, 374, 375, 401, 421, 422, 429, 442, 490/491/475
  2. PHYS 211 and 213

Recommended High School Subjects for Students Planning to Major in Chemistry

  1. English: four years
  2. Mathematics: four years
  3. Chemistry: one year
  4. Physics: one year

The First-Year Course in Chemistry

  1. Students requiring two or more years of chemistry should take CHEM 201 and 202.
  2. Students requiring only one year of chemistry or forensic science minor should take CHEM 101 and 102.
  3. Students without one year of chemistry in high school are required to take CHEM 100 before taking CHEM 101 or 201.

Course Descriptions

CHEMISTRY (CHEM)

Illinois law requires that safety goggles must be worn in all laboratory classes (Senate Bill 1190). Students enrolled in chemistry laboratory courses are required to purchase safety goggles.

100 Introduction to Chemistry. (3) For those students who have completed less than the equivalent of one year of high school chemistry. Introduces the fundamental concepts of chemistry including matter, atomic structure and periodicity, stoichiometry, some 142 descriptive chemistry. Prerequisite: one year high school algebra or MATH 099N. 3 hrs. lect.

101 General Chemistry I. (4) (General Education/ Natural Sciences) A survey for students who do not plan to take chemistry beyond the 100 level. Application of the general principles of inorganic and organic chemistry to biological, environmental, and applied sciences. Prerequisites: one year of high school algebra or MATH 099N, and either one year high school chemistry or CHEM 100. 3 hrs. lect.; 2 hrs. lab. IAI: P1 902L.

102 General Chemistry II. (4) (General Education/ Natural Sciences) A continuation of CHEM 101. Prerequisite: CHEM 101. 3 hrs. lect.; 3 hrs. lab.

150 Contemporary Chemistry. (4) (General Education/Natural Sciences) A course intended to inform the student of the role of science in modern society. Lectures treat the fundamentals of chemical composition; the impact of industrial products on the environment, energy, and drugs; and the importance of consumer information. 3 hrs. lect.; 2 hrs. lab. IAI: P1 903L.

201 Inorganic Chemistry I. (4) (General Education/ Natural Sciences) Designed for science and preengineering majors. Fundamental physicochemical principles and quantitative relationships including the mole concept, periodic properties of the elements, atomic structure, chemical bonding, and thermochemistry. Laboratory emphasizes quantitative analysis. Prerequisites: MATH 100 and either one year of high school chemistry or CHEM 100; Corequisite: either MATH 101, 102, 106, 123, or 128, or math course requiring one of these as a prerequisite. 3 hrs. lect.; 3 hrs. lab. IAI: CHM 911.

202 Inorganic Chemistry II. (4) (General Education/Natural Sciences) A continuation of CHEM 201. Includes a study of solutions, acids and bases, equilibria, electrochemistry, and chemistry of the main group elements and the transition elements. Laboratory emphasizes qualitative analysis, quantitative measurements, and syntheses. Prerequisite: CHEM 201. 3 hrs. lect.; 3 hrs. lab. IAI: CHM 912.

221 Elementary Biochemistry. (4) An elementary course intended to teach the structure, properties, function, and metabolism of biological molecules with emphasis on macromolecules. Intended for biology and family and consumer sciences majors. Prerequisite: CHEM 102. 3 hrs. lect.; 3 hrs. lab.

263 Introduction to Pharmacology. (3) This course introduces the students to the basic concepts of pharmacology and the major categories of pharmacologic agents, and explores the myths and facts about vitamins, nutritional supplements, and common herbal medicines. Prerequisites: either BIOL 101 or ZOOL 200 or ZOOL 230; and either CHEM 102 or CHEM 330.

264 Pharmacy Methods. (3) This course is designed as an aid for students who plan a career in pharmacy. The course describes methods used in pharmacy, including receiving and processing prescriptions, drug calculations, dosage and formulations, pharmacy law, and inventory control. Prerequisite: CHEM 263 or permission of the instructor.

330 Elements of Organic Chemistry. (5) A onesemester introduction to organic chemistry. Coverage includes nomenclature of compounds, study of selected reactions and mechanisms, spectroscopy and study of biologically relevant molecules such as carbohydrates, amino acids, and proteins. Does not count toward chemistry major. Prerequisite: CHEM 202 (C grade or better). 4 hrs. lect.; 3 hrs. lab.

331 Organic Chemistry I. (5) A study of nomenclature, preparations, reactions, and reaction mechanisms of the functional groups of aliphatic and aromatic compounds. Prerequisite: CHEM 202 (C grade or better). 4 hrs. lect.; 3 hrs. lab. IAI: CHM 913.

332 Organic Chemistry II. (4) Further study of organic chemistry including spectroscopic methods. Laboratory includes synthetic methods, mechanistic studies, chromatography, and an introduction to qualitative analysis. Prerequisite: CHEM 331 or CHEM 330 (C grade or better). 3 hrs. lect.; 3 hrs. lab. IAI: CHM 914.

333 Advanced Organic Laboratory. (1) Designed to supplement the laboratory portion of CHEM 332. Prerequisite: concurrent registration or credit in CHEM 332. 3 hrs. lab.

341 Analytical Techniques. (3) An extension of the fundamental techniques used in CHEM 201 and 202 with emphasis on the analytical process, methods of separation, and methods of measurement. Prerequisite: CHEM 202. 2 hrs. lect.; 3 hrs. lab.

342 Fundamentals of Environmental Chemistry. (4) (Global Issues) An examination of the chemistry of the geosphere, hydrosphere, and atmosphere with emphasis on the interactions between them and the impact of technology upon the natural environment. Prerequisite: CHEM 102 or 202. 3 hrs. lect.; 3 hrs. lab.

363 Rational Drug Design. (3) The course emphasizes the process of drug development, identification of drug targets, and their introduction into clinical practice. Basic principles of target identification and validation, chemical libraries and screening, receptor mechanisms and receptor targeting, ligand-based drug design are discussed. Prerequisite: CHEM 332.

370 Elementary Physical Chemistry. (4) Designed primarily for students who wish an introduction to physical chemistry and its biological applications. Prerequisite: CHEM 202. 3 hrs. lect.; 3 hrs. lab.

374 Physical Chemistry I. (4) Designed primarily for chemistry majors who wish a rigorous treatment of physical chemistry. Prerequisites: CHEM 202, one year of physics, and one year of calculus. 3 hrs. lect.; 3 hrs. lab.

375 Physical Chemistry II. (4) A continuation of CHEM 374. Prerequisite: CHEM 374. 3 hrs. lect.; 3 hrs. lab. 390 Junior Project Laboratory. (1–2, repeatable for different projects to 2) Enrollment only with permission of department.

401 Inorganic Chemistry III. (4) Chemistry of transition elements and nontransition elements and their compounds; nomenclature, stereochemistry, symmetry, bonding, solids, and acid-base theories. Laboratory involves synthesis and physicochemical measurements of selected compounds. Writing Instruction in the Discipline (WID) course. Prerequisites: CHEM 332 and CHEM 370 or 374. 3 hrs. lect.; 3 hrs. lab.

416 Chemical Literature. (1) An introduction to searching chemical research literature. Prerequisite: 18 s.h. of chemistry. 1 hr. lect.

421 Biochemistry. (4) The chemistry of major cellular constituents and their metabolism. Prerequisite: CHEM 330 or 332. 3 hrs. lect.; 3 hrs. lab.

422 Advanced Biochemistry. (4) A continuation of CHEM 421 emphasizing the regulation of biosynthetic pathways and gene expression. Laboratory includes analysis of biological molecules by GC, HPLC, UV spectroscopy, and electrophoresis. Writing Instruction in the Discipline (WID) course. Prerequisite: CHEM 421. 3 hrs. lect.; 3 hrs. lab.

429 Biochemistry Topics. (3) Topics include current research including protein chemistry; enzyme kinetics and mechanisms; and methods used in biochemistry Chemistry 143 and molecular biological research. Students will apply the techniques to team research projects. Current techniques and state-of-the-art instruments are used. Prerequisite: CHEM 421. 1 hr. lect.; 6 hrs. lab.

440 Elementary Forensic Techniques. (4) Applications of chemical principles to analysis of crime scene physical evidence including serology, drugs, explosive residues, arson debris, papers and inks, paint, and DNA fingerprinting. State-of-the-art techniques and instrumentation are used. Prerequisite: CHEM 221 or 330 or permission of instructor. 3 hrs. lect.; 3 hrs. lab.

442 Analytical Chemistry. (5) Theory and practice of analytical chemistry with emphasis on selected instrumental techniques. Prerequisites: CHEM 341 and one semester of physical chemistry. 3 hrs. lect.; 6 hrs. lab.

451 Applications of Forensic Chemistry. (3) Designed primarily for forensic majors. In-depth applications of physico-chemical principles to analysis of physical evidence from criminal investigations, including explosive residues, arson debris, hairs, fibers, glass, paint, papers, inks, and soil. State-of-the-art techniques and instrumentation are used. Cannot be applied toward the Chemistry minor. Prerequisites: CHEM 332, 341, 370 or 374, or consent of instructor. 2 hrs. lect.; 3 hrs. lab.

452 Forensic Toxicology and DNA Analysis. (4) Designed primarily for forensic majors. A continuation of CHEM 451. Applications of pharmacological, toxicological, and molecular biological principles to analysis of commonly encountered abused and toxic substances. Topics will include serology and DNA analysis. State-of-the-art techniques and instrumentation are used. Cannot be applied toward the Chemistry minor. Prerequisites: CHEM 451. Prerequisite or Corequisite: CHEM 421. 3 hrs. lect.; 3 hrs. lab.

463 Advanced Pharmacology. (3) This course introduces the students to the chemical aspects of drug-receptor interactions, pharmacokinetics, and parmacodynamics of major categories of pharmacologic agents. Not open to students who have credit for PSY 444. Prerequisites: CHEM 421 and either ZOOL 231 or ZOOL 430; or NURS 310 and permission of the instructor.

485 Internship in Chemistry. (3–8, repeatable to maximum of 8) An on-the-job experience in a government or industrial laboratory. To familiarize students with working environments—laboratory procedures and instrumentation they will encounter in a job situation. A formal written report is required. Prerequisites: CHEM 332, 370 or 375, 442, junior or senior standing in chemistry, or permission of department chairperson. Graded S/U only.

490 Senior Project Laboratory. (1–4, repeatable to 4) Laboratory research under the direction of a chemistry faculty member. The work will include the use of the chemical literature in independent research programs. A formal written report of the investigation undertaken is required. Corequisite or prerequisite: CHEM 492. Prerequisite: one semester of physical chemistry or permission of the department.

491 Honors Thesis in Chemistry. (1–2, repeatable to 2) A thesis prepared under the direction of one or more faculty members. 492 Safety Practices in Chemistry Research. (1) The course is designed to train students in safety techniques and practices commonly used in laboratory research. A combination of lecture and demonstrations are used to describe MSDS, PPE, federal regulations, safe handling of hazardous reagents, and isotopes. Prerequisite: CHEM 101 or 201 or permission of instructor.

(Education)

482 (cross-listed with BIOL 482 and PHYS 482) Science in Context. (3) Interdisciplinary course designed for science majors pursuing secondary teacher licensure. Students will explore science as inquiry, the unifying principles of science, and the role of social contexts and ethics in science. Writing Instruction in the Discipline (WID) course. Not open to students with credit in BIOL 482 or PHYS 482. Prerequisites: senior standing in Science/Chemistry-Teacher Education option, or permission of instructor; ENG 280.

439 Methods of Teaching Secondary Science. (3) Study of secondary teaching methods (Grades 6–12) from the standpoints of theory and practice, curriculum objectives and standard implementation, materials, and evaluation and assessment. Included are demonstrations, discussions, lectures, classroom participation, and field observations. Prerequisites: major in Science/Chemistry-Teacher Education option and EIS 301. Corequisite: EIS 303.

480 Student Teaching. See STCH 480.