College of Arts and Sciences

Guidelines for Oral Presentations

Talks will be allotted 15 minutes total. You should speak for approximately 12 minutes, and allow 3 minutes for questions. Prepare visual aids to accompany your talk. Use PowerPoint.

Try out your presentation before the symposium to make sure your file is compatible with our computer equipment (PC). Have backup copies (including a print out) in case something happens to your computer media.

Tips for Successful Oral Presentations

Use your talk to emphasize (repeatedly) 2 or 3 main points. Audience members will only be paying attention to you sporadically. Use the following tips to increase your chances of getting your message across:

Time Distribution

Begin with a brief Introduction (1-2 minutes), in which you describe the general research area and your results (1st time audience will hear them). With the slides, take 7-9 minutes to explain your Methods and Results (2nd time audience hears message). End the slides with a Summary or Conclusion that you want your audience to take home (3rd time).

Slides (Number)

Include only as many slides as you can discuss meaningfully in your allotted time. A common rule of thumb is no more than one slide for each minute you will be talking.

Slides (General)

Graphs are better than tables. If you must use tables, do NOT use ones directly from manuscripts or papers; retype them, and include only critical information. Do not complicate unnecessarily. Put only 1 figure/graph per slide, and do not use 3-D unless the additional axis provides information.

Slides (Text)

Text slides can be used to describe Research Goals and Methods (but figures are often better) and to emphasize your Conclusions.

  • Telegraphic style is best
  • Fewer than 42 characters per line
  • Fewer than 14 lines per slide
Slides (Color)

White text on blue background is easy on viewers' eyes. Black on white may be more legible, particularly if there is any room light. Be sure to use colors with high contrast, and remember that some audience members may be colorblind (careful of red and green, or blue and red).


You must practice (aloud) so that you stay within the time limit. Write your speech out (entirely) beforehand to make sure that you can make your points clearly and that you make smooth transitions. Practice with other students and mentor.


Speak slowly. Do not assume that audience members will figure anything out by themselves. For example, describe graph axes before you describe patterns in your data. Make eye contact with the audience and interact with your slides; point to parts you want the audience to consider (axes, trends, localities, structures, etc.) Deliver your talk with an outline based on your written text, so that you will not read (and bore the audience), but can find your place if you get lost. You may want to have your Introduction and Conclusion written in full so that you can present it smoothly.


Avoid unnecessarily complex, distracting backgrounds. Do not use complicated transitions, animations or cute sounds. Keep the audience's attention on your content, not cute graphics.